A login is a process of gaining access to various systems in the computer and other devices, as well as in websites, applications, databases, etc. Login is a set of credentials, which is used to authenticate a user. There are different terms used for login, such as logging in, logging on, signing in, and signing on. All those terms are used when a user gets access to the system. However, when the login is no more needed, the user should log out, log off, sign out, or signoff. The login credentials also referred to as the user's credentials are username, password, ID number, passcode, nickname, etc.
To log in and gain access to secured information, a user needs to create an account. The account requires the user's credentials. Once the user creates an account, the system will automatically identify it for next time use.
For login, Citibank of India, asks to enter User ID number (not the nickname or other credentials that were mentioned earlier), along with the password (IPIN). When the user gets into the system, he/she gains access to pay Insurance premiums online, pay anyone using Electronic Fund Transfers, order Demand Drafts online, pay bills online, subscribe to, and redeem mutual funds.
The site recommends the user never to disclose User ID or IPIN; to change IPIN (Internet Password) periodically, Citibank never requests IPIN, OTP, or any personal information on pop-ups or emails. This information is essential for each user to foresee and be secured.
Join Indian Army Website Login
The government of India operates the website Join Indian Army. To login, the site provides two-language translation and requires to enter a username, which in this case is registered email, to enroll password and to enter the Captcha.
Captcha is a challenge-response type test, which is used in a computing system to determine whether or not the user is human. Captcha often involves digit-numbers, or letters, both capital, and lower cases. After entering the Captcha, the system will allow a user to access the account information.
When the enrolled information (e.g., password) is incorrect, the site involves some steps to recover the account. In practice, secure systems often require a second-factor authorization, such as email, SMS confirmation for extra security. In this website, the user has to write the username and the date of birth, then select two security questions, which he/she has chosen during the registration; another option is to select a mobile number to receive a verification code.